The Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture (IEDA), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) was established in 2002, and its predecessors were the Agro-meteorological Research Group of the North China Agricultural Research Institute founded in 1953 and the CAAS Institute of Biological Control founded in 1980. Over the past 70 years since its establishment, IEDA has developed five disciplinary fields, including Agro-meteorology, Agricultural Water Resources and Water Environment, Agro-biological Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Ecology, and Agricultural Materials Engineering, based on Agro-meteorology, through generations of disciplinary integration, inheritance and innovation across the centuries. As the key disciplines are already internationally competitive, IEDA has become a public research institution with significant influence at home and abroad.